General Features of Gastric Carcinomas and Comparison of HSP70 and NK cell Immunoreactivity with Prognostic Factors


1Pathology Department, Medical Faculty of Erciyes University, Kocasinan / Kayseri, Turkey
2Pathology Department, Medical Faculty of Düzce Abant Izzet Baysal University, Düzce, Turkey


During the period of 1996-1998 ninety-four gastrectomy specimens with gastric carcinoma referred to Erciyes University, Medical Faculty, Department of Pathology, were examined histopathologically, histochemically and immunohistochemically. General characteristics of gastric carcinomas and prognostic factors were studied. According the Lauren classification, of the 94 cases of gastric carcinomas, 56 were intestinal type, 21 were diffuse type and 17 were mixed type carcinoma. The association rates of Helicobacter pylori, chronic atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia with gastric carcinomas were high. There was strong immunorectivity with HSP70 in 62,5% of the intestinal type carcinomas. This ratios were lower in diffuse and mixed type carcinomas (p<0.05). The more tumor size and invasion depth increased, the more HSP70 immunoreactivity was obtained (p<0.05). HSP70 immunorectivity was considerably higher in the patients having lymph node metastasis and vascular invasion (p<0.05). It was found that the NK cell number was low in the tumor but higher around the tumor in early gastric carcinomas, compared with advanced carcinomas (p>0.05). In the tumors larger than 10 cm with vascular invasion, NK cell number was lower around the tumor (p>0.05). Defining prognostic factors of gastric carcinomas is of importance to clinicians. It is thought that HSP70 immunoreactivity, besides invasion depth, lymph node metastasis, vascular invasion, tumor size and inflammatory reaction against the tumor, is important in prognosis and associated with advanced stage. Pathology & Oncology Research, Vol 8, Nr 4, 262-269, 2002

Key words: gastric carcinoma; HSP70; NK-cell; prognostic factors

Received: Aug 5, 2002; accepted: Nov 13, 2002
Correspondence: Özlem CANÖZ, Pathology Department, Medical Faculty of Erciyes University, MKP Bulvari, Zümrüt mah, Hukukçular Sit. B-Blok No:15 Kocasinan / Kayseri , Turkey; Tel: +90-352-3389864; E-mail:

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