PATHOLOGY & ONCOLOGY RESEARCHVol. 3 No. 1, 1997

 Article

Low Serum Pancreatitis-Associated Protein Does not Exclude Complications in Mild Acute Pancreatitis

Janja POLANEC1, Zlatko P PAVELIC2, Igor KRIZMAN3, Joe OSREDKAR1

1Institute for Clinical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ljubljana, Slovenia
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, USA
3Gastroenterology Clinic, Ljubljana, Slovenia

 

Normal serum PAP levels on admission to the hospital in patiens with acute pancreatitis has been proposed to help select the patients who are not going to develop complications. The aims of this study were, first, to assess the specificity of serum pancreatitis - associated protein (PAP) serology test and second, to evalute the usefulness of the test for prediciting complications in acute pancreatitis on admission to the hospital. The sensitivity of the PAP ELISA in patiens with acute pancreatitis on admission to the hospital was 70% and the serum PAP levels significantly higher than in healthy controls (p < 0.0001). However, the serum PAP levels in patients with acute pancreatitis were not significantly different from values in patients with various abdominal diseases (p < 0.58). Serum PAP levels gave good correlation to APACHE II (p = 0.02) and CRP (p = 0.01). Two patients with local complications (necrotizing pancreatitis, pancreatic fluid collection) had elevated serum PAP levels on admission to the hospital (> 100 ng/ml). The diagnostic specififity of PAP ELISA is low. Patients, who develop local complications in acute pancreatitis can not be excluded by normal serum PAP levels on admission to the hospital. Pathology & Oncology Research, Vol 3, Nr 1, 30-33, 1997

Key words: pancreatitis-associated protein; ELISA; acute pancreatitis


Received: Nov 25, 1996; accepted: Apr 25, 1997
Correspondence: Igor KRIZMAN, Gastroenterology Clinic, , Japljeva 2 Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia; Tel: (061)1313113/2639, Fax: (061)1334190

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