PATHOLOGY & ONCOLOGY RESEARCHVol. 11 No. 2, 2005

 Article

Association of TNF-α and TNF-β Gene Polymorphism with Steroid Receptor Expression in Breast Cancer Patients

Eskandar KAMALI-SARVESTANI1, Behrouz GHARESI-FARD1, Jamal SARVARI1, Abd-Al-Rasoul TALEI2

1Department of Immunology, Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2Department of Surgery, Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

 

The presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors is correlated with good prognosis in breast cancer. The effect of TNF-α on down-regulation of estrogen receptor and blocking the proliferative response of breast cancer cells to estradiol have been demonstrated. However, the effect of TNFA and TNFB gene polymorphisms on the expression of steroid receptors in breast cancer cells is not well documented. Therefore, 160 breast cancer patients were recruited to investigate the association of TNFA and TNFB gene polymorphism with the level of steroid receptor expression. This association was not found to be significant for TNFA polymorphism and estrogen receptor expression (p=0.07). However, when combined genotypes of TNFA and TNFB polymorphism was considered, homozygous patients for lower TNF-α producer genotypes (TNFA1/A1 and TNFB1/B1) showed significantly higher progesterone receptor expression (p=0.041). Our findings indicate that TNFA and TNFB polymorphisms may be associated with the levels of steroid receptor expression in breast cancer patients. Further studies on a larger group of breast cancer patients are recommended. Pathology & Oncology Research, Vol 11, Nr 2, 99-102, 2005

Key words: breast cancer; steroid receptors; TNF; polymorphism


Received: Mar 21, 2005; accepted: Apr 20, 2005
Correspondence: Eskandar KAMALI-SARVESTANI, Department of Immunology, Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz , Iran; Tel: +98 7112304069, Fax: +98 7112304069; E-mail: immunol2@sums.ac.ir

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