PATHOLOGY & ONCOLOGY RESEARCHVol. 11 No. 4, 2005

 Review

Genomics of Prostate Cancer: Is There Anything to ''Translate''?

László KOPPER1, József TÍMÁR2

11st Institute of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
2Department of Tumor Progression, National Institute of Oncology, Budapest, Hungary

 

This review provides an up-dated collection of data concerning the genetic and epigenetic changes during development, growth and progression of prostate cancer. Hereditary and susceptibility factors have a long list, similarly to the expression of single genes connected to various cell functions. It was a hope that covering a large set of genes, array technologies would clarify very rapidly the role of genetics in malignant diseases, offering targets for molecular diagnostics and therapy. The power of high-throughput techniques for the detection and global analysis of gene expression is unquestionable, interesting, astonishing as well as puzzling data have already been obtained. However, the standardization of the procedures is still missing and the reproducibility is rather low in many instances. Moreover, the different array methods can select different gene expression profiles, which makes the decision rather difficult. Another important question is, coming again from the array technologies, how far the genotype (the gene profiles or fingerprints) can reflect the actual phenotype in a highly complex and readily changing disease as cancer. Proteomics will provide a closer look to this seemingly unanswerable problem. We are at the beginning of the exploration of the behavior of cancer cells in order to apply a more effective therapy based on a more reliable set of diagnostic and prognostic informations. Pathology & Oncology Research, Vol 11, Nr 4, 197-203, 2005

Key words: prostate cancer; progression; genomics; proteomics


Received: Nov 15, 2005; accepted: Dec 5, 2005
Correspondence: László KOPPER, 1st Institute of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University, Üllôi út 78. Budapest H-1085, Hungary; Tel: 36 1 3170891, Fax: 36 1 3170891; E-mail: kopper@korb1.sote.hu

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